Early this morning at about 1:00 am I received a call from a gentleman who had been arrested for DWI. He was not stopped because he was driving poorly, but only because of an equipment violation. One legal right in Minnesota when arrested for DWI is the right to speak with a lawyer by phone, prior to making a decision as to whether to take the breath test.
I explained to this gentleman that one choice was to refuse the test, but this is now a crime, a gross misdemeanor, and would result in a six month suspension of his driver’s license. Thus I advised against refusing the test. So after speaking with me for as long as the police would allow (about 20 minutes), my advice was to take a breath test.
He was surprised that he was being asked to take a breath test, because he had already taken the preliminary breath test that the officers give by the side of the road. In most cases that preliminary test is a screening device only, and cannot be used in court. There’s another test they offer at the police station on a larger machine called the Intoxilizer 5000. The result from that machine is the one that counts and that can be used in court.
I also suggested that if he failed the test on the Intoxilzer 5000, then he should ask the police to let him make a call to arrange an additional blood test. At my First Arrest First Aid page, there is a phone number for an outfit called Additional Testing, Inc. They dispatch medical professionals who will draw a blood sample and bring it back to their lab for testing. There are some experts who claim that the Intoxilizer 5000 has an error rate of plus or minus .02%. This makes it rather important to not have the additional test until one knows for sure that one has failed the breath test, since the breath test is just as likely to be reading low as it is to be reading high. You wouldn’t want the blood test to come in higher than the breath test. Or at least it should not be risked unless you are sure that you have come in above the legal limit on the breath test.
By the time I got through my attempt to explain all these things, the police were insisting that the gentleman get off the phone and take the test. Since then, I have not heard how it came out, and perhaps I never will. My hope is that he came in below the .08% legal limit, that he was released without being charged, and that he therefore has no need for my services.